Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) has four modules that are part of group skills training. These include:
Each area serves a different purpose and contributes to overall treatment.
Derived from Buddhist meditation techniques, core mindfulness skills enable the client to become aware of the present. Clients learn about the different aspects of experience and develop the ability to stay with an experience in the present moment. Mindfulness, the ability to live in the present, is one of the core concepts behind DBT. Mindfulness is the capacity to pay attention to the moment without judgment. This phase of treatment typically lasts for two to three weeks.
Interpersonal effectiveness skills focus on effective ways of achieving objectives with other people. Clients are provided with healthy methods for asking for what they want and for saying “no” in a healthy and assertive way. The goal of this module is to maintain relationships and self-esteem in interactions with other people. This phase of treatment lasts for approximately eight weeks.
Emotion modulation skills provide ways of coping with intense emotional experiences and the causes behind them. These skills also allow individuals to adapt to an experience and to express intense emotions. This phase of treatment is around eight weeks long.
Distress tolerance skills include techniques for handling stressful situations. This phase focuses on surviving distressing situations but also emphasizes finding meaning in difficult times and accepting negative situations with no conceivable solutions. Many current approaches to mental health treatment focus on changing distressing events and circumstances. They have paid little attention to accepting, finding meaning for, and tolerating distress. This task has generally been tackled by psychodynamic, psychoanalytic, gestalt, or narrative therapies, along with religious and spiritual communities and leaders. Dialectical behavior therapy emphasizes learning to bear pain skillfully. This phase of treatment typically lasts for about eight weeks.
Are you interested in learning more about DBT and its various modules? Would you like to know more about DBT treatment options? Our toll-free helpline is available 24 hours a day to provide you with information about Dialectic Behavior Therapy. Call now to learn more.